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Board independence, gender diversity and CEO compensation

Abstract : Purpose This paper aims to investigate the joint effect of board independence and gender diversity on the effectiveness of boards in monitoring CEO compensation in a continental European context, i.e. France. Design/methodology/approach Fixed-effect regressions are used to study the impact of board independence, gender diversity and their interaction, i.e. the proportion of female independent directors on the different components of CEO compensation (total, fixed and variable). Findings The authors observe that both the proportions of independent directors and women sitting on the boards positively influence the various components of CEO compensation. However, the interaction of these factors, i.e. the proportion of female independent directors, is negatively associated with CEO compensation. These results suggest that independent women directors improve board effectiveness in monitoring CEO compensation, especially its fixed component. Originality/value The results of this research help to elucidate the importance of women being appointed to boards as independent directors to properly monitor managerial pay. These results provide support to the approach of the French Cope-Zimmerman law of January 2011, which promotes female representation on boards as independent directors to enhance board decision-making. Thus, evidence presented and discussed in this paper should provide useful insights for academics, corporate managers and regulators.
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Contributor : Ramzi Benkraiem Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 20, 2017 - 9:38:42 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 15, 2022 - 3:48:33 PM



Ramzi Benkraiem, Amal Hamrouni, Faten Lakhal, Nadia Ben Farhat Toumi. Board independence, gender diversity and CEO compensation. Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, Emerald, 2017, 17 (5), pp.845-860. ⟨10.1108/CG-02-2017-0027⟩. ⟨hal-01590712⟩



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