Developmental processes and motivations for linkages in cross-sectoral sport clusters

Abstract : Interorganisational linkages are a widely studied topic in sport management. However, most researchers focus on public or non-profit organisations and analyse one focal organisation rather than a network of interrelated organisations. The purpose of this study was to address both of these shortcomings by investigating interorganisational linkages in sport clusters, a type of cross-sectoral network. The authors address three main questions: (a) what is the nature of interorganisational linkages in sport clusters; (b) how do linkages in sport clusters develop; and (c) what are the organisational motivations for creating or joining linkages in sport clusters? A multiple case study approach explores two sailing clusters in France and New Zealand. Results show that interorganisational relationships tend to be formalised, while interorganisational networks tend to be informal. A circular development process from formal relationships to formal networks via informal relationships and networks was detected. Reciprocity is the most prevalent motive for the development of all types of interorganisational linkages. This research contributes to sport management practice by showcasing the potential multitude and variety of
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Anna Gerke, Kathy Babiak, Geoff Dickson, Michel Desbordes. Developmental processes and motivations for linkages in cross-sectoral sport clusters. Sport Management Review, Elsevier, 2017, 21 (2), pp.133-146. ⟨10.1016/j.smr.2017.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-01666875⟩

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